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You Can Smarter with Drink Water

 We get it. Despite the never-ending health benefits, staying hydrated may not top your daily to-do list. If you can’t get yourself to guzzle enough H2O, new findings might offer extra motivation: Drinking water can boost your brain power.

In a study presented Wednesday at the British Psychological Society Annual Conference in London, researchers found that students who brought water into exams performed better than those who didn’t. To make sure they hadn’t simply concluded higher-scoring students are more likely to bring water into a test, they used the students’ past coursework grades to set a general ability control. So even among generally poorer-scoring students, bringing water into the exams boosted their grades.

“The results imply that the simple act of bringing water into an exam was linked to an improvement in students’ grades,” says Chris Pawson, a professor at the University of East London and one of the study’s co-authors, in a release from the British Psychological Society. For those of us who’ve graduated from the test-taking world, the same could apply for our cognitive performance and work productivity, in theory.

Smart Water, Naturally

The

Sitting Too Long Raises Death Risk

 According to a new study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, sitting for long periods increases your risk of all-cause early death. (Now would definitely be the time to stand up.)

In the study, researchers followed 222,497 Australian adults for several years. Over the course of the study, participants who sat for more than 11 hours a day had the highest risk for all-cause mortality, followed by those who sat between 8 and 11 hours daily. Those who sat for less than four hours a day had the lowest risk of all-cause mortality.

The revelation that sitting can kill isn’t necessarily new. In the past several years, study after study has confirmed that living a sedentary life — going from your bed to your desk to the couch and back to bed every day — can damage our health in a variety of ways. In fact, it has been shown to increase risk for heart disease, obesity, diabetes, dementia, and some cancers.

Another recent study actually found that sitting is so detrimental, its effects are almost impossible to exercise away. The study followed 27 Finnish men

Woman Dies After Being Afflicted by Bed Bugs

 A 96-year-old woman’s death wouldn’t typically garner headlines, but a case out of Hanover, Pa., is an exception. Mary Stoner died last February due to complications from sepsis that arose after a bed bug infestation, and her caretaker, Deborah Butler, has now been charged in Stoner’s death, the Evening Sun reports.

Butler, 72, once ran a licensed home care facility; when she shut it down, Stoner and another elderly woman started living with Butler at Butler’s own home and paying Butler as their caretaker.

Stoner’s family noticed her health declining on Feb. 3, 2016, and moved her out of Butler’s home; three days later, they brought her to the ER, where she was found to have sores on her skin, a bad rash covering about half of her body, and a skin infection that doctors determined was caused by bed bug bites.

She was discharged a week later, readmitted with pneumonia, and ultimately died Feb. 22, 2016, the York Dispatch reports. She had been in Butler’s care for more than 10 years.

When police visited Butler’s home, they saw bed bugs on walls, ledges, bed sheets,

Seek Natural Ways For Penis Erection

Sex is a part of life. Sexual act involves the interest of both the male and the female. Sex starts when there is sperm ejaculation. Sperm ejaculation starts when the semen, the nutrient rich fluid responsible for the survival of the sperm, passes through the duct and mixes with the seminal fluids. After the puberty in male, secondary sexual characteristics develop. They include body hair, voice deepening, penis erection etc. Erections are hardening of the penis that occurs when there is blood flow in the sponge like tissue inside the penis. This makes the penis hard and enlarges naturally thus making it protrude away from the body. Blood flows through the penis tissue when men get orgasm. It happens when there is sexual arousal or sexual attraction. Erections also happen during sleep or early in the morning. It is normal and is called as Nocturnal Penile Tumescence. Absence of erection means the person is suffering from erectile dysfunction or impotence.

Erectile dysfunction

There are many reasons of erectile dysfunction. They are due to health condition, food habits, emotional

Know the facts of the e-liquids and e-cigarettes

Well, it is common that many people are getting addicted to the smoking that has been initially started as the funny habit. Well, if you are a person you are looking forward for the terms that make you to get rid out of this smoking habit. Then, here is the best explanation and result for your problem. Yes, you can achieve the better options for the problem with the help of the e-cigarettes. This name might be a bizarre thing for most of people if you are not having the habit of smoking. The e-cigarettes are nothing but the best task that replaces the ordinary cigarettes in many ways. Of course, it helps you to achieve the better feel of smoking without having a harm results to your body. It is much more possible with the e-cigarettes that are available in these days. Whenever the discussions of the e-cigarettes are made, it is also necessary to talk about the ejuice. It is nothing but the liquids that are made in different forms to overcome the tobacco taste.

The different

Do Cell Phones Cause Cancer?

Though it seems hard to believe, cell phone technology only became widely available in the 1990s. By December 2008, about 87 percent of the United States population had cell phone service — that’s an estimated 270 million users.

But the growing popularity of cell phones has prompted concerns about their cancerrisk. Some think that low-level radiation produced by cell phones could increase that risk, particularly related to head or neck tumors.

Cancer Risk and the Cell Phone: About the Exposure

It is true that cell phone users are exposed to radiofrequency (RF) energy, which is a low-frequency form of radiation. Cell phones emit this radiation mainly through their antennas. A cell phone user’s total exposure to RF energy from the device depends on:

  • The amount of time they spend on the phone
  • The amount of RF energy produced by their specific cell phone
  • The distance from the cell phone to the nearest cellular tower — the farther away the phone is, the more RF energy it must produce to provide a clear signal
  • The amount of cell phone traffic at the time — again, the phone must produce more RF energy to compete with other calls
  • The use of

A Deadly New Reason to Avoid Deer Ticks

Move over, Lyme disease: Another tick-borne illness is on the rise in various parts of the country, and this one can kill.

Known as babesiosis, the disease is caused by a microscopic parasite that attacks blood cells, causing flu-like symptoms that can make it difficult to accurately diagnose. Like Lyme disease, which is caused by bacteria, babesia microti parasites are carried by deer ticks.

First documented in Massachusetts in 1969, the once-obscure babesiosis has surfaced as a significant public health threat in parts of the Northeast and Upper Midwest over the last several years. A recent study in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases, published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, revealed that between 2001 and 2008 cases climbed from six to 119 in New York’s Lower Hudson Valley — a 20-fold regional increase.

And many cases may be escaping detection, experts say.

“I think it’s underreported. One of the reasons we’re seeing more about it is because people are becoming more aware,” said Dr. Peter Krause, a babesiosis researcher and senior research scientist at the Yale University School of Public Health. “The theory is that it’s spreading from east to west,

Too Much TV May Take Years Off Your Life

Spending your days in front of the television may contribute to a shortened lifespan, a new study suggests.

Researchers in Australia found that people who averaged six hours a day of TV lived, on average, nearly five years less than people who watched no TV.

For every hour of television watched after age 25, lifespan fell by 22 minutes, according to the research led by Dr. J. Lennert Veerman of the University of Queensland.

But other experts cautioned that the study did not show that TV watching caused people to die sooner, only that there was an association between watching lots of TV and a shorter lifespan.

Though a direct link between watching TV and a shortened lifespan is highly provocative, the harms of TV are almost certainly indirect, said Dr. David L. Katz, director of the Prevention Research Center at Yale University School of Medicine.

“As a rule, the more time we spend watching TV, the more time we spend eatingmindlessly in front of the TV, and the less time we spend being physically active,” Katz said. “More eating and less physical activity, in turn, mean greater risk for obesity, and the

Why Do Onions Make Us Cry?

For some people, slicing a raw onion is no big deal, but for others, it causes a stinging reaction that results in tears and mild discomfort.

What’s to blame for this teary reaction? Enzymes in the onion that release a pungent gas when you slice into it, and when the gas comes into contact with your eyes, it forms sulfuric acid, which is responsible for that telltale stinging sensation. “The more pungent the onion is, the more likely it will make you tear up,” says Irwin Goldman, PhD, department chair and professor of horticulture at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

That means that yellow onions popular in cooking are the biggest culprits, and sweet, mild Vidalia onions are the least likely to trigger tears. Luckily, onions are the only type of vegetable that cause this crying reaction, because of their unique sulfur compounds.

So why do onions make you well up, but don’t seem to make your partner weepy at all? Dr. Goldman says it’s probably due to the individual chemistry of your eyes: Some people have little or no reaction to sulfuric acid, while others have a stronger sensitivity. And while some people find that

Best States for Your Brain

Breaking Down the Brain Health Statistics

States that ranked high in the 2011 America’s Brain Health Index share some traits, such as good diets and higher levels of physical activity, and residents of the top states tend to be intellectually curious. “It’s so important to have an intellectual passion and hobbies,” says Cleveland Clinic chief wellness officer Dr. Michael Roizen. The Beautiful Minds campaign also highlights inspiring seniors who are putting their minds to good use by volunteering, teaching classes, writing novels, and even bodybuilding.

Roizen notes that many of the states in the South rank at the bottom of the list, which he attributes to unhealthy diets and physical inactivity, reflected in the high incidence of diabetes.

But Southerners don’t have it all wrong: A positive brain health factor the Southern states share is a high level of religious and spiritual activity, which is a big boost for emotional health. “The benefit of believing in a higher being is that it will help you manage stress better,” says Roizen. “Stress ages you more than any other factor.” Several scientific studies have confirmed the benefits of religious activity: The Whitehall study of British civil servants,

Washing the Body ‘Cleanses’ the Mind

There may be some truth to the expression “cleanliness is next to godliness” after all, finds a new review of previously published studies.

University of Michigan researchers found that showering and hand-washing help people rid themselves of bad feelings, such as guilt, sadness or doubt.

“Cleansing is about the removal of residues,” said researcher Spike W.S. Lee. “By even just thinking about washing themselves, people can rid themselves of a sense of immorality, lucky or unlucky feelings, or doubt about a decision.”

The review was published in the latest issue of Current Directions in Psychological Science.

In examining previous studies, researchers found that people exposed to a messy room or bad odor judged others more harshly for moral wrongs than when they were sitting in a clean room.

In a separate study, researchers showed that people felt less guilty while thinking of something immoral they had done if they used an antiseptic hand wipe. As a result, they were also less likely to volunteer for a good cause in order to ease their guilty conscience.

The review authors also said that people who perceive themselves as “clean” feel morally superior to others

Why Do We Talk in Our Sleep?

Has your partner ever referred to a conversation that occurred the night before — and you can’t remember a thing you said? Unless it’s after a wild night out, the cause may be somniloquy, better known as sleep talking.

Sleep talking falls under the category of parasomnias, which are disruptive sleep disorders. Other parasomnias include sleepwalking, bedwetting, and night terrors. Although it can be startling, sleepwalking is generally nothing to worry about.

“Sleep talking is benign for most people,” says Russell Rosenberg, PhD, who is the chairman of the National Sleep Foundation in Atlanta. “No one knows exactly what causes it.” A lot of nighttime chitchat can cause you to feel tired the next day, but it’s generally not a cause for concern. It’s also quite common: although statistics vary, about 60 percent of us will have at least one episode of sleep talking, according to William Kohler, MD, the medical director of the Florida Sleep Institute in Tampa.

The When and How of Sleep Talking

Sleep talking tends to occur during two different stages of sleep: During stage two, when it’s just a stream of thoughts not accompanied by a dream, and during

Too Many Meds May Be More Problem

Barely a week goes by, it seems, without some company announcing a new pill designed to help you live a longer,healthier life.

Medication can, indeed, do a lot toward curing, preventing or easing many ills. But taking a fistful of pills each day creates its own set of medical risks, prompting concern among a growing number of physicians and pharmacists that people are simply taking too many medications for their own good.

“As you keep increasing the amount of prescriptions, that increases the chance of having a drug interaction or major side effect,” said Sophia De Monte, a pharmacist in Nesconset, N.Y., and a spokeswoman for the American Pharmacists Association. “It’s exponential. The more you add on, the more chance you’ll have something bad happen.”

It’s a concept called polypharmacy, the use of more medications than someone actually needs. And that means not just prescription drugs but also over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements.

The average American is prescribed medication about 13 times a year, according to a report last year by the Kaiser Family Foundation. But the likelihood of polypharmacy increases as people age. Studies have found that seniors make up 13 percent of

Alcohol Not Main Killer of Older Drinkers

Older people who drink heavily don’t necessarily have to fear dying of liver disease, a researcher said.

In a population-based Dutch study, only a handful of heavy drinkers in an older cohort died of liver-related causes, according to Jeoffrey Schouten, MD, of Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

The major causes of death were cardiovascular disease and cancer, but not hepatocellular carcinoma, Schouten reported at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

On the other hand, the study confirmed previous studies that suggest light and moderate drinking is protective, Schouten said.

He and colleagues followed 3,884 residents of Rotterdam — all 55 or older at the start of the study in 1990 — for a median of 15.2 years, until they died or until Dec. 31, 2008.

The participants were stratified by their drinking level, with the aim of understanding the causes of death for those who drank heavily, as well as the links between all-cause mortality and alcohol consumption.

Every four or five years, participants went through cycle of examinations, including clinical studies and questionnaires on various aspects of their lives, such as alcohol

Chronic Disease May Up Out-of-Pocket Costs

Among families with employer-sponsored health care plans, those coping with chronic illness pay more out of their pockets than those without chronic illness, primarily because of higher prescription drug copayments, a new study finds.

“Even when you are looking at the same level of total spending, families covering chronic conditions spent more out of pocket than those without chronic illnesses, and it doesn’t appear to be because the families are in different types of plans,” researcher Anne Beeson Royalty, a professor at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, said in a university news release.

“It looks as though the difference is because certain types of services — such as prescription drugs — are covered less generously,” she added.

Royalty and colleagues analyzed data from a 10-year national survey of more than 47,000 American families and found that those dealing with chronic conditions spent 1.5 to two times more on prescription drugs.

For example, among households spending a total of $7,000 on health care, those with chronic conditions spent an average of $2,215 of the $7,000 on prescription drugs, compared with $1,065 for other households.

“Because average coinsurance for prescription drugs is much higher than coinsurance

The Health Benefits of Hypnosis

Today is World Hypnotism Day, and according to the official website, its mission is to “remove the myths and misconceptions while promoting the truth and benefits of hypnotism to the people of the world.” There are certainly many of those misconceptions around, largely due to movies and TV shows that depict eyes following a swinging watch, or people called up on stage who get suckered into acting like clucking chickens or barking dogs. But proponents say it’s time to forget those old stereotypes — whether it’s called hypnosis, hypnotism, or hypnotherapy, this practice is actually an effective, drug-free way to promote behavioral change.

What is hypnosis, anyway? According to the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis, it is a tool that allows the mind to focus — similar to how a magnifying glass focuses and intensifies the sun’s rays. Unlike the popular myths, you’re not actually unconscious while in a hypnotic state, but fully awake and in a heightened state of concentration. There are several different ways that practitioners can help individuals who are under hypnosis: They may present ideas or suggestions, encourage patients to come up with mental images that illustrate positive change, or help them better

Cell Phones Affect Brain Activity

Holding a cell phone to your ear for a long period of time increases activity in parts of the brain close to the antenna, researchers have found.

Glucose metabolism — that’s a measurement of how the brain uses energy — in these areas increased significantly when the phone was turned on and muted, compared with when it was off, Dr. Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and colleagues reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

“Although we cannot determine the clinical significance, our results give evidence that the human brain is sensitive to the effects of radiofrequency-electromagnetic fields from acute cell phone exposures,” co-author Dr. Gene-Jack Wang of Brookhaven National Laboratory in Long Island, where the study was conducted, told MedPage Today.

Although the study can’t draw conclusions about long-term implications, other researchers are calling the findings significant.

“Clearly there is an acute effect, and the important question is whether this acute effect is associated with events that may be damaging to the brain or predispose to the development of future problems such as cancer as suggested by recent epidemiological studies,” Dr. Santosh Kesari, director of neuro-oncology at

Tattoo Infections Tied to Premixed Ink

Despite strict adherence to sanitary practices, a tattoo parlor in Rochester, N.Y., was the center of an outbreak ofMycobacterium chelonae skin and soft tissue infections, researchers reported.

The culprit? A sealed batch of supposedly sterile premixed ink, direct from the manufacturer, according to Byron Kennedy, MD, PhD, of the Monroe County Department of Public Health in Rochester, and colleagues.

In all, 19 people developed a persistent, raised, erythematous rash in the skin above the tattoo in the last 4 months of 2011, Kennedy and colleagues reported online in theNew England Journal of Medicine.

The bacteria were isolated from 14 of the 19 patients and also from an unopened bottle of premixed ink, suggesting the source was in the manufacturing chain. The ink’s maker issued a voluntary recall of the product.

Eighteen of the 19 patients were treated with appropriate antibiotics and their condition improved, the researchers added.

In a separate but overlapping report in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, researchers reported an additional eight confirmed cases of tattoo-associated skin infection by nontuberculous mycobacteria picked up by nationwide surveillance, including:

  • Three confirmed and 24 possible cases of Mycobacterium abscessusinfection, and two confirmed and

15 Ways to Relax in 5 Minutes or Less

Food and Drink

Sip Green Tea: Instead of turning purple with rage, get green with a cup of herbal tea. Green tea is a source of L-Theanine, a chemical that helps relieve anger. Boil the water, pour it out, and take a soothing sip — there’s probably still a minute to spare.

Nosh on Chocolate: A carton of chocolate ice cream is no stranger to stress relief, but just a square (about 1.4 ounces) of the sweet stuff can also calm your nerves. Dark chocolate regulates levels of the stress hormone cortisol and stabilizes metabolism.

Slurp Some Honey: Replace stress with sweetness and try a spoonful of honey. Besides being a natural skin moisturizer and antibiotic, honey also provides compounds that reduce inflammation in the brain, meaning it fights depression and anxiety.

Bite Into a Mango: Take a tropical vacation without leaving the desk chair. Use a five-minute break to peel, slice, and bite into a juicy mango, which packs a compound called linalool that helps lower stress levels. Don’t fret about the juice dripping down your chin — the stress relief is worth the mess.

Chew Gum: Minty, fruity, or bubble-gum flavor,

Global Warming: More Killer Heat Waves?

If climate change continues on its current course, the number of heat-related deaths will rise as temperatures climb during the summer, according to a report from the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), an environmental advocacy group.

The organization projected on the basis of peer-reviewed data that global warming — expected to increase average temperatures in North America by 4º to 11ºF by 2099 — will be responsible for an extra 150,000 deaths tied to excessive heat events in the 40 largest U.S. cities by the end of this century.

The hardest hit, in terms of excess heat-related deaths by the end of 2099, are estimated to be:

  • Louisville, Ky. (18,988)
  • Detroit (17,877)
  • Cleveland (16,625)
  • Memphis, Tenn. (10,154)
  • Jacksonville, Fla. (8,141)

The estimates were based on two studies by Larry Kalkstein, PhD, a professor of geography and regional studies at the University of Miami in Florida, and colleagues, published in the last few years in Weather, Climate, and Society and Natural Hazards.

The researchers studied two baseline time periods — 1975 to 1995 and 1975 to 2004. They included 1996 to 2004 to account for the greater use of preventive measures against heat-related deaths during those years. When

Junk Food Not Cheaper than Healthy Food

It doesn’t cost any more to eat healthy food than it does to eat junk food, a government study found, casting doubt on the popular belief that many people can’t afford healthful foods.

The study, released Wednesday by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Economic Research Service, found that foods like beans, carrots, milk, and yogurt are actually less expensive than ice cream sandwiches, cinnamon buns, and soda.

One reason that many people assume junk food is more affordable is because many studies that compare the cost of unhealthy foods with healthy ones use cost-per-calorie as a measurement.

By this metric, vegetables and fruit are relatively more expensive ways to consume “food energy” (i.e., calories) because they don’t contain many calories, whereas less healthy foods (also called “moderation foods”), which tend to be high in saturated fat and sugar, are a cheaper way to consume a lot of calories.

For their study, the USDA researchers looked at calorie content but also compared the prices of more than 4,000 healthy foods and moderation foods based on price by weight and portion size.

The researchers used dietary recommendations from the federal government’schoosemyplate.gov website and identified

Coffee Linked to Lower Death Risk

Java lovers, take heart. A large prospective study suggests that – far from being bad for your health – that steaming cuppa is actually associated with a lower risk of death.

Analysis of a large prospective study of more than 400,000 people found that men who drank four to five cups of coffee daily reduced their risk of death over a 13-year period by 12 percent, while women’s risk dropped by 16 percent, according to Neal Freedman, PhD, of the National Cancer Institute, and colleagues.

The inverse associations were seen for deaths due to heart disease, respiratory disease, stroke, injuries and accidents, diabetes, and infections, but not for deaths due to cancer, the researchers found.

On the other hand, a suite of other behaviors that often go hand-in-hand with coffee drinking – smoking, lack of exercise, and poor diet – usually combine to mask the benefit, the researchers noted in the May 17 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine.

Freedman and colleagues cautioned that the study could not prove that coffee is good for you.

“It may be that there’s something that goes along with coffee-drinking that’s affecting our results that